If you have ever been interested in geography and mountains in general, you have probably heard about the top peaks in the world. Climbing the highest mountains in the world is something that very few people have achieved. They are amazing, beautiful, and yet quite dangerous places. A typical climb of a peak of altitude above 8000 meters or 26 247 ft, requires a lot of preparation, such as proper food, training routine, mindset, climbing skills, teamwork, and many more.
What is an eight-thousander
According to the International mountaineering and clibing federation there are 14 mountains in the world, that have elevation of more than 8000 meters above sea level (or 26 247ft). All of the 14 are located in the Himalayan and Karakoram in Asia.
List of the 14 eight-thousanders
- Everest – it has an elevation of 8848 or 29 029ft and is the world’s highest peak above sea level. It is located in Nepal. The first-ever ascent is done by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on 29 May 1953.
- K2 – its altitude above sea level is 8611 meters or 28 251 ft. It is located in Pakistan. Its first ascent was on the 31st of July 1954 by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli.
- Kangchenjunga – it has an altitude of 8586 meters or 28 169 ft. It is located in Nepal. The first ascent is on 25 of May 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown.
- Lhotse – it has an elevation of 8516 meters above sea level or 27 940 ft. Located in Nepal, and the first ascent is on 18 of May 1956 by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss.
- Makalu – 8485 meters (27 838) altitude, is located in Nepal. The first ascent is in 1955 by Jean Couzy and Lionel Terray.
- Cho Oyu – it has 8188meters (26 864ft). The first ascent is in 1954 by Joseph Joechler, Pasang Dawa Lama, and Herbert Tichy. It is located in Nepal.
- Dhaulagiri I – it is 8167 meters (26795ft) tall. It is located in Nepal. The first ascent is in 1960 by Kurt Diemberger, Peter Diener, Nawang Dorje, Nima Dorje, Ernst Forrer and Albin Schelbert.
- Manaslu – 8163 meters (26 781ft) tall. It is located in Nepal. Its first ascent is in 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu.
- Nanga Parbat – 8125 meters (26 657ft) tall. Located in Pakistan. The first ascent is in 1953 by Hermann Buhl.
- Anapurna I – 8091 meters (26 545 ft) tall. Located in Nepal. Its first ascent is in 1950 by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal.
- Gasherbrum I – it is tall 8080 meters (26 510ft). It is located in Pakistan. The first ascent is in 1958 by Andrew Kauffman and Pete Schoening.
- Broad Peak – it has an altitude of 8051meters (26 414ft). Located in Pakistan. Its first ascent is in 1957 by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl.
- Gasherbrum II – 8034 meters (26 358ft) tall. Located in Pakistan. The first ascent is in 1956 by Fritz Moravec, Josef Larch and Hans Willienpart.
- Shishapangma – 8027 meters (26 335ft) tall. Located in China. The first ascent is in 1964 by Xu Jing, Chang Chun-yen, Wang Fuzhou, Chen San, Cheng Tien-liang, Wu Tsung-yue, Sodnam Doji, Migmar Trashi, Doji and Yonten.